Oscar Hammerstein II (1895-1960)

Oscar Hammerstein II

Librettist, Cinderella (Medea/Macbeth/Cinderella)

Musical Comedies and Plays: (with Otto Harbach) numerous collaborations, including Always You; (with Harbach, Vincent Youmans and Herbert Stothart) Wildflower; (with Jerome Kern) eight musicals including Show Boat, Sweet Adeline, Music in the Air; last musical before embarking on an exclusive partnership with Richard Rodgers: Carmen Jones, the highly acclaimed 1943 all-black revision of Georges Bizet's opera Carmen. His partnership with Rodgers was the most successful in Broadway history; collaborations included Oklahoma!, Carousel, The King and I, South Pacific, Allegro, Me and Juliet, Pipe Dream, Flower Drum Song, The Sound of Music; musical written specifically for the big screen, State Fair, and television, Cinderella.

Producer credits: Rodgers & Hammerstein presented plays, musicals and revivals, including John van Druten's I Remember Mama, Anita Loos' Happy Birthday, Irving Berlin's Annie Get Your Gun, the national tour of Show Boat and six of their own stage musicals; produced motion picture version of Oklahoma! and founded music publishing firm Williamson Music.

Awards: Collectively, Rodgers and Hammerstein musicals earned 34 Tony Awards, 15 Academy Awards, 2 Pulitzer Prizes and 2 Grammy Awards.